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About Japan

Learn about the basic information about Japan as well as cultural and useful travel information for Japan.

General Information

National Flag and Anthem

National Flag

Nisshoki
(also known as Hinomaru)

National Anthem

Kimi ga Yo

Learn about Japan’s flag and national anthem.
Get lyrics, sheet music and MP3s.*1

Imperial Household

Introduction to the official duties and various public activities of Their Majesties the Emperor and Empress, and other members of the Imperial Family.*2

Language

Japanese

Main Religions

Shintoism, Buddhism and Christianity

Location

Japan is located west of the Pacific Ocean in the Northern Hemisphere. Japan's neighbors include the Republic of Korea, China and Russia.

Land Area

377,974.17
square kilometers
(145,936.64 square miles)

(as of January 31, 2019
Geospatial Information
Authority of Japan)
*3

Number of Prefectures47

CapitalTokyo

(The population of Tokyo Metropolitan Area as of April 1, 2020 is 13,982,622, approximately 10% of Japan's total population.)

Population

125,929,817

(as of April 1, 2020 Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications)*4

The Diet

House of Representatives 'Shugi-in' (465 members)*5

House of Councillors 'Sangi-in' (245 members)*6

Currency

Japanese Yen*7

Judiciary

Supreme Court, High Courts, District Courts, Summary Courts, and Family Courts

Administration

Prime Minister of Japan and His Cabinet, Cabinet Secretariat, 13 ministries and agencies.*8

Main Industries

Automobiles, consumer electronics, computers, other electronics

GDP

US$5,082 trillion
as of 2019 (World Bank)

GDP per capita

US$40,247
as of 2019 (World Bank)

Japan is the world third-largest economy by nominal GDP *9

as of September 1, 2020

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