Smart Regulations & Laws
- REGULATORY SANDBOX
- NATIONAL STRATEGIC SPECIAL ZONES
- RADIO FREQUENCY
Many say nothing ever changes in Japan. This section more than others demonstrates that this is simply not the case.
In recent years, changes have drilled down into the bedrock of some of the oldest and most traditional industries in Japan.
A revolution in efficiency and innovation is taking place in the energy, agriculture, medicine, and telecommunications industries. And this is only the beginning.
Japan is introducing more measures, such as a regulatory sandbox, to help stimulate new business, opening the door to smart ideas with smart regulation.
A fledging business idea or technology needs support and understanding. In the case of government, we are introducing a sandbox approach that seeks to help new ideas develop by limiting administrative barriers and regulations on a case by case basis without being subject to existing regulations.
Early stage business models or technologies are proposed to the government and evaluated on their merit
Rules are relaxed to test these innovations within a certain contained “sandbox” (e.g. within an approved company or project). Businesses are able to conduct demonstration tests and pilot projects that are not envisaged under existing regulations inside of their “sandbox.”
The testing environment allows businesses to conduct pilot projects quickly, building up data that can lead to change in regulations
If pilot demonstrations of new technologies/business models are successful, government considers extending the same deregulation to the rest of the country
A dedicated office for this is set up to ease with the application process
Law took effect in June 2018
NATIONAL STRATEGIC SPECIAL ZONES
Selected regions have the privilege of carrying out advanced structural reform in the hope of turning successful test cases into touchstones for nationwide implementation.
- 1st automated bus driving test conducted on a public road in Semboku City (November 2016)
- Accept non-Japanese workers who have certain skills to help turn agriculture into a growth industry in Kyoto Pref., Niigata City, Okinawa Pref. and Aichi Pref.
Law took effect in April 2018
Adopt flexible regulatory frameworks to make Japan a central hub for regenerative medicine and grow the market to 26 trillion yen by 2020
- Create a faster R&D process in innovative medicine
Implement faster approval system for pharmaceuticals,medical devices and regenerative medicine
- Create a global hub for regenerative medicine
Make National Strategic Special Zones into hubs for cardiac, neurologic and ophthalmic treatments
Promote market entry from overseas
- Expand and popularize the use of online medical treatment
- World’s fastest approval process in regenerative medicine
- Rapid development in advanced heart failure treatments such as myoblast cell-sheet transplants
- World’s first successful iPS origin retinal cell transplant operation for age-related macular degeneration
First major structural reform and deregulation in 60 years to turn agriculture into a growth industry
- Reform the Agricultural Cooperative system to encourage entrepreneurship
Law took effect in 2016
Decrease production costs and promote structural reform in distribution and processing
Law took effect in August 2017
Increase exports to one trillion yen by 2019
Strengthen export promotion through the Japan Food Product Overseas Promotion Center (JFOODO)
Introduce similar approaches to modernize forestry and fishery industries
- Exports of agricultural, forestry, and fishery products
Undertake comprehensive reform, for the first time in 60 years, to increase competitiveness for current energy sources while exploring new energy sources to create an eco-friendly and growing industry
- Increase competitiveness in the electricity and gas market
Efficient frequency utilization is key to accelerating innovation in next-generation fields such as IoT, digital media and mobile entertainment.
- Provide more transparency to frequency assignment
- Ensure unlicensed frequency bands for Internet of Things (IoT)
- Consider auctions for radio spectrum distribution in the future
- Promote and support business models that go beyond traditional television or telecom operations