In early 2013, after two decades of economic stagnation, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe unveiled a comprehensive economic policy package to sustainably revive the Japanese economy while maintaining fiscal discipline. This program became known as Abenomics. The centerpiece of Abenomics has been the three “policy arrows” targeted at aggressive monetary policy, flexible fiscal policy and growth strategy including structural reform. And now it is gaining speed. This page offers the latest on the reforms being implemented to reach a GDP of 600 trillion yen, including work style reform to raise productivity and increase the workforce in the midst of demographic changes.


Sep. 21, 2016

Opening Remarks by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe at the Dialogue with the New York based Business and Financial Community of Japan  - Cabinet Secretariat

Three things, ladies and gentlemen. Continuity, that is point number 1. More openness, number 2. And changes in our work style, point number 3. Continuity, openness, work style changes. … Read more>


The centerpiece of Abenomics has been the three policy arrows targeted at aggressive monetary policy, flexible fiscal policy and growth strategy including structural reform. Since then, Abenomics has achieved remarkable progress.

Economic indicators*1

Nominal GDP and growth rate*4


Corporate ordinary profits*5

Capital investment*6


Number of employed persons*7

Jobs to applicants ratio and unemployment rate*8


Tax revenue*9

Dependency ratio on Japanese government bonds*9

  • Average exchange rate for May 2017: USD = JPY 112
  • The Japanese fiscal year starts in April and concludes in March of the following year.
  1. Pre-Abenomics vs. Post-Abenomics; FY2012 vs. FY2016 = nominal GDP, corporate ordinary profits, capital investment, amount of JGB issued, level of dependency on JGB; FY2012 vs. FY2017E = tax revenue; Jan 2012 vs. May 2017 = Nikkei stock average; 2012 avg. vs. 2016 avg. = number of employed persons; Jan 2012 vs. April 2017 = jobs to applicants ratio, unemployment rate
  2. Source: Nikkei Inc “Nikkei Indexes,” monthly average, closing price
  3. Japanese Government Bonds
  4. Source: Cabinet Office “National Accounts”; “Fiscal 2017 Economic Outlook and Basic Stance for Economic and Fiscal Management”
  5. Source: Ministry of Finance “Financial Statements Statistics of Corporations by Industry,” all industries, all (firm) sizes, seasonally adjusted figures
  6. Source: Cabinet Office, “National Accounts;” private non-residential investment
  7. Source: Ministry of International Affairs and Communications “Labour Force Survey,” seasonally adjusted figures
  8. Source: Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare “Statistics on Employment Referrals for General Workers,” seasonally adjusted figures; Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications “Labour force survey”
  9. Source: Ministry of Finance ”Public Finance Statistics Book”

Drilling into bedrock regulations

The third arrow, structural reform, is the core policy within Abenomics.

We have cut into bedrock regulations in areas such as healthcare, energy and agriculture that were considered impossible to tap in to. These series of structural reforms have led to countless positive actions, such as new market entries, increased investment, increased productivity and the introduction of various new services. Our battle for reform is far from over. For instance, we have passed eight agricultural reform laws this Diet session— and we will continue to spur on these initiatives.


Adapt flexible regulatory frameworks to make Japan the central hub for regenerative medicine and grow the market to 26 trillion yen by 2020

Create a faster R&D process in regenerative medicine

  • Optimize the adaptive licensing approval system so as to bring regenerative medicines to market more quickly

Law took effect in 2014

    • »Rapid development in Advanced Heart Failure treatments, such as myoblast cell-sheet transplantation therapy and cardiomyocyte sheet transplantation therapy
    • »World’s rst successful iPS origin retinal cell transplant operation for age-related macular degeneration
  • Facilitate the process of aggregating personal medical records and analyze them anonymously to advance medical research

Law enacted during the current Diet session

Create a global hub for regenerative medicine

  • Make National Strategic Special Zones into hubs for cardiac, neurologic and ophthalmic treatments
  • Promote market entries from overseas
    • »The United States (Sunbio), Switzerland (Ronza) and Israel (Pluristem)


First major structural reform and deregulation in 60 years to turn agriculture into a growth industry by increasing competitiveness

Reform the Agricultural Cooperative System

  • Regulationsreviewed to encourage entrepreneurialism

Act took effect in 2016

    • »In 2015, 23,000 people under the age of 49 have newly joined the agriculture industry
    • »New business creation and market entry to provide an agricultural solution business

Decrease production costs and promote structural reform in distribution / processing business

Act to take effect in August 2017

  • Encourage restructuring in the production material and distribution / processing business

Act to take effect in August 2017

  • ZEN-NOH*10 is carrying out reforms to maximize the merits of group-purchasing

Increase exports

  • Aimingtoachieveonetrillion yen by 2019
  • Strengthen export promotion through the Japan Food Product Overseas Promotion Center (JFOODO)
    • »Agricultural,forestry, shery products and foods exports reached 750.2 billion yen in 2016, breaking the record for the fourth consecutive year*11
  1. ZEN-NOH = National Federation of Agricultural Corporate Associations
  2. Source: Ministry of Finance, “Trade statistics of Japan”


Undertake a comprehensive reform, for the first time in 60 years, to increase competitiveness for current energy sources while exploring new energy sources to create an eco-friendly and growing industry

Increase competitiveness in the electricity and gas market

Realize a Hydrogen Society

  • Commercial fuel cell vehicles have been on the market since December 2014
  • 90 hydrogen refueling stations— more than any other country— were deployed since May 2017
  • Currently, the government is supporting R&D for the production and transportation of hydrogen
    • »Kobe City to become the rst city in the world to supply electricity and heat through hydrogen power generation

Pilot Initiatives in National Strategic Special Zones

Proactively pilot structural reform initiatives within the selected regions of National Strategic Special Zones to turn successful cases into touchstones for nationwide implementation

Example in TOKYO AREA:

Consolidate scattered registration outlets for different documents into one convenient outlet

Tokyo One-Stop Business Establishment Center
(Established in April 2015)

  • Centralizes all application services in Tokyo
  • Increased capabilities regarding the handling of the Certification of Eligibility for visa applications


1st automated bus driving test to be conducted on a public road
(November 2016)

Example in TOKYO and KANSAI AREAS:
Expatriate opportunities

Enable certified private companies to hire expatriates in the field of housekeeping services in the major cities of Tokyo, Kanagawa and Osaka
15companies certified to accept expatriate housekeepers (nannies) as of May 2017

How Abenomics 2.0 works

In order to achieve sustainable growth and reach a nominal GDP of 600 trillion yen, we will accelerate our efforts towards comprehensive reforms in three vital areas: boosting productivity, driving innovation and trade, and energizing corporate activities. Through these efforts, we will strive to create a positive environment for the private sector to boost their creativity and speed in economic activities, and to keep the virtuous economic cycle going.

Boost productivity to increase income and encourage further consumption by:

  • Reforming the traditional work style we have been used to
  • Investing in human resource development
  • Embracing diversity in the labor force by providing various working opportunities for women, seniors and expatriates

Drive innovation and trade to create new demand and increase capital investment by:

  • Applying the innovations created through the Fourth Industrial Revolution across all industries and all aspects of daily life (realizing Society 5.0)
  • Promoting free trade and quality infrastructure around the globe

Energize corporate activities to improve corporate performance and encourage increased employment and wages by:

  • Improving the business environment through measures such as corporate tax cuts
  • Attracting more inward FDI



Abenomics has created a solid and virtuous economic cycle. Nevertheless, the economic activities of the private sector, such as investment and consumption, are not strong enough yet.
This is because the private sector has been struggling to increase productivity, while also struggling to generate new demand. This secular stagnation is a social challenge shared by most developed countries. Japan, in addition, faces rapid demographic change.
However, we see this challenge as an opportunity to become a pioneer in establishing a social model for other countries that will inevitably experience similar social situations in the coming years.
A plan to establish this new social model—the Growth Strategy 2017—was approved by the Cabinet on June 9, 2017, and realizing Society 5.0 (page 9) will play a pivotal part in this.


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